Sports medicine is a discipline that deals with the prevention and treatment of injuries related to sports. Also known as sports and exercise medicine (SEM), it address issues surrounding physical fitness. The main purpose of sports medicine is to help people achieve their goals surrounding sports and exercise. This includes providing support and guidance for various aspects of training.
A doctor that specializes in sports medicine can assist you with a wide variety of injuries that occur while engaged in sports. Individuals with credentials in sports medicine have likely studied human anatomy, kinesiology, sports nutrition, biomechanics, human physiology, therapeutic exercise, athletic injury prevention, and various other subjects. They assist people with injuries that occur as a result of overusing muscles and other areas of the body. They also provide treatment of strains, sprains, dislocations, fractures and acute traumas.
There are both non-medical and medical professionals involved in sports medicine, such as trainers, nutritionists, coaches, sports psychologists, physicians and surgeons, among others. A sports medicine specialist can help you improve your overall sports performance. In fact, sports medicine specialist is a term that refers to a variety of related disciplines. Working with someone in sports medicine doesn’t necessarily mean you’re working with a physician, but they will generally have specialized training.
One of the most common positions in the area of sports medicine is the role of physical therapist because they are often highly capable of helping people recover from an injury, which means they’re able to help get athletes back to normal. They also provide the support and guidance necessary to minimize the probability of another injury occurring, or prevent injuries from occurring altogether. Physical therapists often work in coordination with nutritionists to provide direction concerning the diet of athletes during their recovery.
Although there are roles in sports medicine that are not doctors, there are plenty of sports medicine physicians that specialize in diagnosing and treating injuries and illnesses related to sports and exercise. Sports medicine physicians must be certified after completing a fellowship in sports medicine. There are various certifications available, such as emergency medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, family practice and orthopedics.
A sports medicine physician can provide care for patients with non-operative musculoskeletal conditions and other injuries, such as the all too common concussion that tends to occur often in football and other contact sports. They can also provide medical care for patients with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, hypertension and asthma.
If you’ve ever heard of visualization in sports, then you won’t be surprised to learn that sports psychologists are frequently used to support the mental and emotional needs of sports enthusiasts and professional athletes. Essentially, the provide the guidance needed for athletes to stay focused when there are so many potential distractions.